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  • ABN2021-28: NATIONAL ECONOMIC AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the National Economic and Development Authority contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • BB2021-06: ANALYSIS OF THE REGIONAL ALLOCATION OF THE FY 2022 NATIONAL BUDGET
    The 2022 National Budget which is the last full-year budget crafted by the Duterte Administration is crucial to ensure that it brings back the country on track and prevents any long-term scarring of the adverse effects of the COVID-19 crisis. With the implementation of the Supreme Court ruling on the Mandanas-Garcia case in 2022, LGUs will have additional resources that will enable them to carry out the functions vested upon them under the Local Government Code of 1991.
  • FF2021-53: 2020 BUDGET UTILIZATION
    The FY 2020 Statement of Appropriations, Allotments, Obligations, Disbursements and Balances (SAAODB) released by the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) reports the authorized appropriations, adjustments, total available appropriations, allotments, obligations incurred, unobligated allotments, disbursements, and utilization rates of departments and agencies of the National Government (NG).
  • ABN2021-27: DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Finance contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-26: COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Commission on Human Rights contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-25: DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Transportation contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-24: DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND HIGHWAYS FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Public Works and Highways contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • PB2021-08: Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos in the Face of the Pandemic and Other Global Challenges
    The COVID-19 pandemic is not the first health crisis faced by Overseas Filipinos (OFs). However, none of the other crises such as SARS, Ebola, and MERS-CoV had resulted in massive job losses, displacement, and repatriation. The ongoing health crisis has been particularly difficult and arduous for migrant workers while wide gaps in policies and implementation of laws were exposed at the expense of displaced and returning Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs). There has been a huge drop in deployment rate in 2020. Border controls, travel restrictions, lockdowns and quarantines in many countries in the world literally shut the doors for Filipinos to work abroad.
  • ABN2021-23: DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Education contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-22: DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Environment and Natural Resources contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-21: COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Commission on Higher Education and Industry contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-20: DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Justice contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-19: DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Trade and Industry contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-18: COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Commission on Elections contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-17: OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Office of the Ombudsman contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-16: DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Information and Communications Technology contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-15: DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT FY 2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Labor and Employment contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-14: DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Agriculture contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-13: DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Interior and Local Government contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-12: CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Civil Service Commission contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-11: COMMISSION ON AUDIT FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Commission on Audit contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-10: DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Tourism contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-09: DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Human Settlements and Urban Development contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-08: THE JUDICIARY FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on The Judiciary contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-07: DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Science and Technology contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-06: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Energy contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-05: DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Health contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-04: Department of Social Welfare and Development FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Social Welfare and Development contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-03: DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENSE FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of National Defense contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • BVT2021: BUDGET COMPARISON TABLES 2021 Adjusted Spending Program 2022 Proposed Budget
    The national budget complements the government’s development agenda, with the ultimate goal of delivering a better quality of life for the people. With the COVID-19 pandemic, more is expected from the government in terms of vital socioeconomic services.
  • ABN2021-02: DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Foreign Affairs contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • ABN2021-01: DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM FY2022
    The Agency Budget Notes (ABN) on the Department of Agrarian Reform contributes to the making of more informed reviews and deliberation of the proposed budget of the Agency submitted to Congress. The ABN provides budget-related information on agency plans and programs, physical accomplishments and financial management of prior year’s appropriations.  
  • BB2021-05: BRIEFING NOTES FOR THE DBCC PRESENTATION - DIMENSIONS OF THE PROPOSED FY 2022 NATIONAL BUDGET
    The FY 2022 National Budget is crucial as the country battles on its third year the COVID-19 pandemic, and strives to restore the economy even as its recovery is threatened by surges of cases and lockdowns, and calamities. With a record-breaking contraction of 9.6% in 2020, and a rather depressed economic outlook for 2021, next year's budget should be able to strategically allocate resources to address underlying causes of uncertainties in the economy.
  • BB2021-04: BRIEFINGNOTES FOR THE DBCC PRESENTATION: THE PROPOSED FY2022 NATIONAL BUDGET AND ITS ASSUMED MACROECONOMIC PARAMETERS
    In crafting the proposed 2022 national budget, the Development and Budget Coordination Committee (DBCC) takes into account a set of macroeconomic assumptions which determines the plausibleness of the budget’s execution. This paper discusses these macroeconomic assumptions, comparing targets with the actual values of macroeconomic parameters and looking at the implications of such variables to the national budget.
  • BB2021-03: BRIEFING NOTES FOR THE DBCC PRESENTATION: THE PROPOSED FY 2022 NATIONALBUDGET AND THE MEDIUM-TERM FISCAL PROGRAM
    The proposed FY 2022 National Budget continues to provide fiscal support to COVID-19 response, as well as, the need for more robust economic recovery. Large pandemic-induced shocks have resulted to large negative output gaps, reflecting weak demand and high labor unemployment. Additional spending should be calibrated to the size of the output gap, and to focus on expenditure items, such as laboratory systems and vaccination, to address key downside risks to growth.
  • FF2021-52: Revenue Performance January to June 2021
    Total national government (NG) revenues in JanuaryJune 2021 grew slightly by 2.5% – from P1.45 trillion in 2020 to P1.49 trillion in 2021. Compared with the preCOVID pandemic (2019) figures, total NG revenues were still lower by P57.1 billion or 3.7%.
  • DP2021-02: Implications of the SC Ruling on the Mandanas - Garcia IRA Case
    The Supreme Court (SC) ruling on the Mandanas-Garcia Petition concerning the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) follows a long and persistent effort of local government units (LGUs) and stakeholders in demanding greater autonomy and resources from the national government (NG).
  • PB2021-07: Confronting the Philippine Housing Situation and Scanning Potential Solutions
    Addressing the ballooning housing backlog can be a part of the government’s initiatives for economic rebound during and after the pandemic. The estimated multiplier effect of every peso investment on housing can range from P1.93, P3.44, to as high as P16.61. This is because around 80 industries are involved in the construction of a single unit. However, issues on the land market, price-setting, financing, unserved segment, time-consuming processes, weaknesses of existing programs, and other institutional concerns beset the sector. Current efforts of the 18th Congress in prioritizing legislations on financing, rental subsidies, on-site or near-city resettlements, and land expropriation, try to resolve some of these problems. But much remains to be done. Ideas from local governments, Gawad Kalinga, and even some ASEAN member states, offer some insights and solutions.
  • FF2021-51: Second Quarter 2021 Philippine Economic Performance
    The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported an 11.8% year-on-year (YoY) growth in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the second quarter of 2021. This is the highest quarterly GDP growth registered since 1988, but comes after the record low 17% contraction in the second quarter of 2020. Moreover, quarter-onquarter (QoQ) comparison reveals a contraction of 1.3% (Figure 1) in the second quarter of 2021 from the first quarter.
  • PB2021-06: Legislating National Land Use Policy: An Overarching Response to Sustainable Development
    This CPBRD Policy Brief delves into the current land use policies in the Philippines against the backdrop of interconnecting areas of concern and how the proposed National Land Use Act (NLUA) will address policy gaps, issues and challenges of the present structures and framework governing land use management.
  • FF2021-50: Status of Releases from NDRRMF (as of 30 June 2021)
    The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund under the FY 2021 General Appropriations Act is intended for aid, relief and rehabilitation services to areas and communities affected by calamities. Releases are made by the Department of Budget and Management upon the approval of the Office of the President and the recommendation of the NDRRM Council headed by the Secretary of National Defense.
  • CSP-60: DELVING INTO THE COUNTRY’S FUTURE OUTLOOK
    This socio-economic outlook is framed not only by the COVID-19 “black swan” but also by the recognized need to shore up the Philippines’ policy reform agenda toward sustaining and enhancing productivity and social equity. Prioritization of reforms taken in combination, in critical areas such as social protection, public health, foreign direct investments, supply chains and logistics, telecommunications/digital transformation reform and regulation, among others, can ultimately create the long-awaited architecture of resilience. This can be accomplished while building in flexibility attuned to the dynamism and unpredictability of the new environment and improving the capability to respond effectively and efficiently under the broadest range of risks and uncertainty.
  • FF2021-49: Statistics on Biodiversity and Habitat Protection
    The Ecosystem Vitality policy objective of the 2020 Environmental Performance Index (EPI)1 by the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy measures how well countries are preserving, protecting, and enhancing their ecosystems.
  • FF2021-48: Philippines’ Performance in the Covid-19 Resilience Ranking, 2021
    The fourth pillar of the Duterte Administration’s socioeconomic strategy against COVID-19 aimed for an economic recovery program to create jobs and sustain growth. The COVID-19 resilience ranking (Bloomberg, June 2021) measures the success of 53 largest economies (valued at more than $200 billion) in containing the COVID-19 pandemic with least amount of social and economic disruption. Bloomberg considers various datasets, indicators, and indexes produced by organizations worldwide and applies three fundamental criteria—1) how complete is the data, 2) how current is the data, and 3) who collects the data—in whittling the list down to the 12 indicators that make up the Ranking. The data indicators are aggregated through the “max-min” method and scored on a 0-100 scale with 100 indicating the best performance and zero the worst, except on some indicators when the opposite applies.
  • PB2021-05: Institutionalizing Performance Budgeting Reforms in the Philippines
    This paper examines the crucial challenges in strengthening the policy and institutional framework for performance budgeting. Considered as a sound Public Financial Management (PFM) practice, performance budgeting seeks to strengthen the government’s focus on delivering societal results (e.g., number of people lifted out of poverty) that matter most in the spending of limited government funds. These challenges including the gaps in the existing legal framework, the capacity to implement the reform, and performance measurement systems--affect the quality and utilization of performance information in budget preparation, execution, and accountability.
  • FF2021-47: PCSO Financial Statistics, 2016 - 2020
    The Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (PCSO) is a government-owned and controlled corporation under the direct supervision of the Office of the President. A large part of the income from corporate operations goes to the Presidential Social Fund for the delivery of health programs, medical assistance and services, and other charities and the Prize Fund for the payment of prizes.
  • FF2021-46: Traffic Congestion in Metro Manila
    Latest data from TomTom Traffic Index showed that Metro Manila’s annual traffic congestion significantly dropped to 53 percent in 2020 from 71 percent in 2019. This means that a 30-minute trip would take 53 percent longer that it would have during baseline uncongested conditions in Metro Manila. Despite the improvement in the annual traffic congestion following the imposition of COVID-19 community lockdowns, the Philippines remains to be the fourth most congested city in the world, from second place in 2019.
  • PB2021-04: Ratifying the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) : What’s in Store for the Philippines
    As one of the signatories, the Philippines is expected to ratify the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Agreement through Congress, specifically the Upper House or the Senate. As opinions vary on whether individual member countries stand to benefit from RCEP, there is a need to assess if the Agreement has the potential to benefit the Philippines in terms of trade and investments. This paper presents the topics included in the recently concluded RCEP Agreement, describes the economic linkages between the Philippines and its member states, examines the expected implications for the Philippines, and attempts to determine the possible steps the Philippines should take in order to maximize the gains from RCEP. Current data on Philippine trade and investments with RCEP member economies and related literature show that the Philippines will have minimal gains in being a member of the RCEP as the balance of trade with RCEP countries is expected to deteriorate and the bulk of current investments still comes from Japan and traditional non-RCEP economies such as the US and EU. However, given RCEP’s wider geographic coverage, the possibility of cumulation within RCEP if commitments to common/harmonized rules of origin for all goods traded in the region will be implemented has the potential to increase the Philippines’ trade and investments given the country’s moderately high global value chain participation, especially in medium- and high technology manufacturing sector. Maximizing the gains from RCEP, however, will depend on the country’s ability to address supply side constraints such as high administrative and compliance costs, infrastructure constraints, governance concerns, and market entry restrictions.
  • FF2021-45: Selected Health Indicators on Children in ASEAN Member States
    The 2019 United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) report on the State of the World’s Children (SOWC) discusses issues involving children such as birth weight, nutrition, illnesses and immunization coverage, among others. The report noted the following health indicators on children in the Philippines: highest rate of low birth weight among ASEAN Member States (AMS); third highest percentage of pre-school children who are stunted; and lowest immunization coverage for vaccinepreventable diseases among AMS.
  • FF2021-44: Performance of the Philippines in the 2021 World Competitiveness Yearbook
    The World Competitiveness Yearbook (WCY), first published in 1989 by the International Management and Development (IMD), is a comprehensive annual report and worldwide reference point on the competitiveness of countries. It provides benchmarks and trends, as well as statistics and survey data based on extensive research. It analyzes and ranks countries according to how they manage their competencies to achieve long-term value creation.
  • PB2021-03: Moving Forward with Sustainable Forest Management: A Review of Philippine Forest Protection Policies
    The apparently massive decline in the country’s forest cover over the decades is alarming as forests provide vital ecological services and are crucial to human survival. Ideally, Philippine forest policies should promote sustainable forest management. This paper analyzes major forest policies of the country, namely Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM), National Greening Program (NGP)/Expanded NGP, National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS)/Expanded NIPAS, and assesses how responsive these policies are mainly in terms of helping to protect and/or enhance the country’s forest cover. The policies are studied based on relevance, effectiveness, impacts, equity, feasibility and sustainability. The reforms proposed by the author to make these policies work or succeed better are widely institutional in nature.
  • FF2021-43: Revenue Performance January to April 2021
    National government (NG) revenues in January-April 2021 grew by 3.9% -- from P950.8 billion in 2020 to P988.4 billion. Compared to pre-COVID pandemic (2019) level, NG revenue performance year-on-year (y-o-y) is behind by P8 billion.
  • FF2021-42: The Philippines’ Ranking in the 2021 Inclusive Internet Index
    The Philippines placed 68th spot (out of 120 countries) in the 2021 Inclusive Internet Index (3i). For 2018-2021, the ranking of the Philippines continuously declined from 55th to 68th. The Inclusive Internet Index (3i), commissioned by Facebook and developed by The Economist Intelligence Unit, seeks to measure the extent to which the Internet is not only accessible and affordable, but also relevant to all, allowing usage that enables positive social and economic outcomes at the individual and group levels.
  • FF2021-41: Outstanding Loans of the Philippine Banking Sector
    According to the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP), there are 12,870 total banks comprising the Philippine banking system (PBS) in 2019. The PBS includes universal and commercial banks, thrift banks, and rural and cooperative banks located all over the country plus their overseas offices. Universal banks make up almost half of the PBS, while the shares of other banks are as follows:
  • CN2021-01: A Look into the Banks' Compliance with the Agri-Agra Reform Credit Act of 2009
    The Agri-Agra Reform Credit Act of 2009 (Republic Act No. 10000) mandates all government and private banking institutions to allocate at least 25% of their total loanable funds for agriculture and agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs). Fifteen percent of the loanable funds must be allocated to the agriculture sector and the remaining 10% to ARBs.
  • FF2021-40: The Philippine Housing and Household Statistics
    The third strategic theme under the Governance Framework: Duterte Administration 2016-2022 is Permanent and Lasting Peace, reinforced by significantly improved welfare through housing, particularly for the marginalized and the impoverished. Despite the increasing demand for decent housing, the level of production as well as the budget allocation for residential projects and related services continue to be inadequate. This is partly reflected in the continuing housing backlog problem and in the increasing prices of housing units over the years.
  • FF2021-39: Sixth Ph-EITI Report
    The Philippine Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (PH-EITI) is a multi-sectoral initiative that implements the EITI, the global standard of transparency in the mining, oil and gas industries for open and accountable governance of natural resources. PH-EITI was formally established through Executive Order (EO) No. 147, s. 2013, pursuant to EO No. 79, s. 2012.
  • FF2021-38: Contractors’ License Milieu, 2021
    Republic Act 4566 (Contractors’ License Law), as amended by P.D. No. 1746 provides that no contractor, sub-contractor or specialty contractor shall engage in the business of contracting without an existing approved contractor’s license from the Philippine Contractors Accreditation Board (PCAB). All architects and engineers preparing plans and specifications for work to be contracted in the Philippines shall indicate in their invitation to bidders whether they are residents of the Philippines or not. Moreover, a bidder (whether contractor, sub-contractor or specialty contractor) must possess an existing approved license in order to qualify to bid.
  • FF2021-37: Statistics on Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    The Climate Change (CC) issue category in the 2020 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) by the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy measures the progress of countries in dealing with global warming, which exacerbates all other environmental threats and imperils human health and safety. This category is composed of eight indicators focusing on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
  • FF2021-36: Employment Situation January - March 2021
    One year into nationwide quarantine since March 2020 due to COVID-19 pandemic, the country recorded the lowest unemployment rate of 7.1% in March 2021 which translates to 3.44 million unemployed Filipinos 15 years and over, according to the latest Labor Force Survey (LFS) Report of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). This represents a decrease of 10.5 percentage points compared to the 17.6% recorded in April 2020 when unemployment rate was at the highest.
  • PB2021-02: Strengthening the Policy Framework for Public Private Partnership (PPP) in Infrastructure Development
    This CPBRD Policy Brief looks into the progress and performance of the Philippines’ PPP program over the years. PPPs continue to be an important pillar of infrastructure development providing a viable option for infrastructure financing apart from the traditional procurement using the national budget and official development assistance (ODA). Improvements in the country’s overall PPP framework are indeed a work in progress that needed to be sustained especially in tackling key issues on contingent liabilities and unsolicited proposals which weighed heavily on the country’s fragile fiscal position in the past.
  • FF2021-35: Food Insecurity Among Families Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic
    Some 62.1% of Filipino households experienced moderate to severe food insecurity in 2020 amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, according to a Rapid Nutrition Assessment Survey (RNAS) conducted by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute.
  • BB2021-02: DIMENSIONS OF THE 2021 NATIONAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET (AS ENACTED UNDER RA NO. 11518)
    The National Budget for FY 2021 is so crucial as the country continues to battle the COVID-19 pandemic on two fronts—health and economy. The socio-economic effects of the health crisis are far-reaching such that government needs to strike a careful balance in addressing the COVID-19 threat while helping the economy to recover from a huge slump. Restarting the economy is vital in order to generate the jobs needed to raise household incomes and provide for unmet basic needs (including education and healthcare).
  • FF2021-34: First Quarter 2021 Philippine Economic Performance
    The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported that gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 4.2 percent in the first quarter of 2021 from -0.7 percent in the same period in 2020 (Figure 1). This translates to PhP187.7 billion real value loss, and marks the fifth straight quarter of decline of the GDP since the first quarter of 2020. For each of the next three quarters of 2021, the Philippine economy needs to expand by roughly 10.1 percent in order to reach the lower end of the government’s full year growth target of 6.5 percent.
  • FF2021-33: The Philippines’ Performance in the 2021 Index of Economic Freedom
    The economic freedom rank of the Philippines declined from 70th (out of 180 countries) spot in 2019 to 73rd (out of 178 countries) in 2020 with a score of 64.1 points. This still placed the Philippines in the moderately free economy category, which refers to a geographically and economically diverse group of economies having a score which is above the world average in the economic freedom index. Other categories include free, mostly free, mostly unfree, and repressed economies.
  • PB2021-01: Promoting Sustainability through Reform in the Pension System for Military and Uniformed Personnel
    The current Military and Uniformed Personnel Separation, Retirement, and Pension System has long exerted considerable strain on the National Government’s (NG) finances and has been the subject of reform proposals. The issue can be summed up in two points. The first is the direct-funding mechanism where the NG appropriates significant amounts in the annual budget due to the absence of a contributions-based scheme. The second point refers to generous features, particularly the indexation policy that automatically adjusts pensioners’ benefits to the base pay of their counterparts in active service, resulting in both fiscal and equity issues among government personnel. Recent government estimates revealed that without reform, the NG will need about P800 billion annually in the next 20 years. To address the situation, several house bills proposing for the establishment of a contributionsbased system and the abolition of the indexation policy, among others, have been filed. This paper discusses (a) key features of related measures and (b) presents equity and budgetary implications of proposed reforms. Under the proposed Executive-supported bill, the NG can see a significant drop in projected budgetary requirements due to the creation of a contributions-based system and declining directly-appropriated amounts for pension benefits of existing retirees.
  • FF2021-32: 2020 Gross Regional Domestic Product
    The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) has reported the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 9.6 percent in 2020 from an expansion of 6.1 percent in 2019. Economic output in all of the seventeen (17) regions of the Philippines declined in 2020 (Table 1). Double-digit contractions in output were recorded by Region III (-13.9 percent), Region IVA (-10.5 percent), and NCR (-10.1 percent). In total, these three regions accounted for 57.1 percent of total GDP for 2020.
  • FF2021-31: Revenue Impact of TRAIN Laws on BIR Collections, 2018-2020
    The Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP) seeks to correct a number of deficiencies in the tax system to make it simpler, fairer, and more efficient. This report presents the revenue impact of the three CTRP reform packages on the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) tax collections.
  • FF2021-30: Public Infrastructure Expenditure
    Although higher than the programmed expenditure of P609.3 billion for 2020 by 11.8 percent, the country’s actual public infrastructure spending amounting to P681.1 billion in 2020 is 22.8 percent lower compared to P881.7 billion in 2019. Similarly, the 2020 public infrastructure expenditure at 4.8 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) is also lower compared to 2019’s 5.4 percent of GDP (Figure 1). According to the Department of Budget and Management (DBM), the lower infrastructure spending in 2020 is largely due to the discontinuance of some capital outlay projects to fund the COVID-19 expenditures of the government under the Bayanihan We Heal as One Act (Republic Act No. 11469) and the unintended delays in the execution of some other programs because of the pandemic.
  • FF2021-29: Environmental Performance Index 2020 – Environmental Health
    The 2020 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) by the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy, Yale University provides a data-driven summary of the state of sustainability around the world. The 2020 EPI used 32 indicators to rank countries based on their environmental performance. The ranking is based on two major categories: a) environmental health with 7 indicators and b) ecosystem vitality with 25 indicators.
  • FF2021-28: Status of Allotment Releases As of 31 December 2020
    The Department of Budget and Management (DBM) reported a total of P4.4 trillion in allotment releases (as of 31 December 2020). Total programmed appropriations amounting to P4.1 trillion was fully released, with an additional P273.4 billion—mostly funded out of Unprogrammed Appropriations (P193 billion). Table 1 shows that budgetary adjustments in 2020 resulted in an overall reduction of P45.9 billion from the original program for Departments. On the other hand, the adjusted program for Special Purpose Funds (SPFs) and Automatic Appropriations increased by P35.9 billion and P10 billion, respectively.
  • FF2021-27: Employment, Household Income and Associated Coping Mechanisms Amid Covid-19 in Select ASEAN Member States
    The World Bank launched in November 2020 its COVID-19 High-Frequency Monitoring Dashboard. It is intended to provide timely and relevant information that may be used by policymakers to assess the impact of COVID-19 such as on employment, household income, and hunger. The data was generated from nationwide household mobile phone surveys undertaken on different months in 2020. For the countries covered in this report, surveys took place in May (Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar), June (Vietnam), July (Lao PDR) and August (Philippines).
  • FF2021-26: Inflation of the Bottom 30 Percent Income Households in March 2021
    The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported a 5.5 percent headline* inflation rate for the country’s bottom 30 percent income households (HH) for March 2021. This income group posted the same rate in February 2021 which is also significantly higher compared with the 2.4 percent inflation rate logged in March 2020.
  • FF2021-25: Non-Tax Revenues 2016-2020
    Non-tax revenues are fees collected in relation to direct services of government agencies to the public and those arising from the government’s regulatory and investment activities.
  • BB2021-01: COVID-19 RELEASES: AN UPDATE AS OF 24 FEBRUARY 2021
    On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic and called on all countries to take urgent and aggressive action to mitigate or prevent its spread. Republic Act (RA) 11469, also known as the “Bayanihan to Heal as One Act” or Bayanihan 1, was signed into law on 24 March 2020 as a response of the government to the COVID-19 crisis. Note that initial measures were already undertaken by the President through—(a) Presidential Proclamation No. 922 issued on 08 March 2020 declaring a State of Public Health Emergency throughout the Philippines, and (b) Presidential Proclamation No. 929 issued on 16 March 2020 imposing an Enhanced Community Quarantine (ECQ) throughout Luzon due to the continuing rise of confirmed COVID-19 cases, and the serious threat to the health, safety, security, and lives of the Filipino people.

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