The global appeal of conditional cash transfers as a development tool has been evident based on the number of developing countries that have implemented or are actively showing interest in them. Despite its popularity, past experiences indicate CCTs like the country’s Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) encounter substantial implementation challenges from a “governance and anti-corruption perspective”. The areas where the risks are mostly to emerge are: targeting of beneficiaries, payment system and monitoring of compliance of conditions. Also important are the institutional arrangements for service delivery and defining the lines of authority and responsibility. Putting adequate accountability mechanisms in key CCT activities are therefore critical-especially when there is a scale up of implementations – to mitigate the risks associated with CCT, and to effectively implement these programs. The rapid scale up of the 4Ps implementation has brought to light issues that could undermine its ability to reach the target population by 2016. Putting the necessary accountability mechanisms in key 4Ps activities will mitigate the risks and help maintain program credibility. Effective accountability measures can be implemented at the program level such as recertification of beneficiaries, spot checks, grievance redress system and other strategic communication plans. for the enrolment of the identified poor households in their social health program.
PB2011-07: Accountability Mechanisms in the Implementation of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs (CCTs)
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